What Is Vaping?
Vaping is still pretty new to the market, only having been around for about a decade or so. Since it hasn’t been part of the public awareness as much as cannabis smoking and cigarette smoking, there’s a lot that people don’t know about it. However, it’s the healthiest, tastiest, smartest and most efficient way to consume herbs. So have fun learning!
Vaping (short for vaporizing) is the act of inhaling the vapors created by a vaporizer or e-cigarette. Vaporizers and e-cigarettes heat a substance without lighting it on fire in order to turn compounds from solid or liquid states into an inhalable gas state.
Modern vaporizers can heat plant material, most commonly cannabis, but also other herbs used in aromatherapy. They can also heat essential oils, waxes, extracts and other liquids.
E-cigarettes are vaporizers that heat liquids which usually contain some combination of nicotine and flavoring agents as well as a thinner like propylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, coconut oil or vegetable glycerin.
What Are The Benefits Of Vaping?
Vaping vs. Smoking.
Inhaling smoke of any kind is dangerous to one’s health. Cigarette smoke contains over 7,000 chemicals and more than 100 of them are known to be poisonous or carcinogenic (cancer-causing). The toxic effects of cigarette smoke are no longer debated science. While cannabis smoke contains significantly less chemicals, it does still contain considerable amounts of ammonia, tar, benzene and carbon monoxide – all considered toxic or carcinogenic. These chemicals exist in the smoke that is created from combusting most plant materials by lighting them on fire.
There has been some confusing information in the press about cannabis smoke and cancer. There are several compounds in cannabis that are proven to have anti-tumor and anti-mutagenic properties. These medical benefits are backed by clinical studies and generally not debated. For decades, cannabis activists have used this fact to argue for the legalized medical use of cannabis. However, the dangers of smoke as a method of cannabis consumption has been left out of the medical conversation. Are the dangers of smoke inhalation mitigated by the cancer-treating and cancer-preventing properties of these compounds? Nobody knows. Multiple clinical studies are being conducted in legal states like Colorado and Oregon, but their results are not yet concluded or published. However, medical doctors and cannabis scientists all agree that smoking cannabis does release the toxins ammonia, tar, benzene and carbon monoxide – all known to have devastating effects on human health.When compared to smoking, vaping is estimated to be 95% healthier, as noted in a 2017 study conducted by Public Health England in the UK. Vaping produces none of the aforementioned toxins. Vaporizers and e-cigarettes have been widely available to consumers for about 15 years. Over the years, some of the devices that companies produced were not as safe as others. Some cheaply-manufactured devices release nickel and chromium into the vapor path when their heating coils began to degrade. Thus, the importance of choosing a trusted, reliable and safe vaping device cannot be overstated. However, aside from these cheap devices, there are no known dangers to vaporizing as long as the vaporizer is operated correctly at temperatures below combustion. In states (like Florida and Connecticut) with strict medical guidelines for their medical cannabis programs, vaporizing is the only legal method to inhale cannabis because of its safety compared to smoking.
Smoking is known to be a direct cause of many kinds of cancer including cancers of the lungs, mouth, throat, tongue, larynx, stomach, colon, pancreas, liver and blood (leukemia). According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI), most of the cancer-causing substances in cigarette smoke are in the tar. Tar also causes damage that can lead to lung obstructive diseases like emphysema and bronchitis. Nicotine alone does not have any of these harmful effects, which is why e-cigarettes are considered the most effective method to quit smoking cigarettes. They help the patient wean off nicotine addiction with none of the negative health consequences of smoke inhalation.
Smoking cigarettes also causes about a third of all the heart disease deaths in the United States every year, according to the Surgeon General. As with cancer, nicotine isn’t a primary cause of acute cardiovascular events. The Surgeon General’s 2014 report says that “international epidemiologic evidence, and data from clinical trials suggests that chemical components in smoke other than nicotine elevate the risk of death from MI heart attack and stroke.” The oxidant chemicals, free radicals, particulates, and carbon monoxide from smoke all damage the heart and circulatory system in many ways, according to the CDC. There has been no research to date showing any provable cardiovascular danger from vaping, largely because carbon monoxide is believed to be the biggest culprit in causing cardiovascular disease and vaping produces zero carbon monoxide.
The third major disease group that smokers face is, for many, the most frightening. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) — which includes emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and non-reversible asthma — is a terrible thing to see. Patients may die gasping for air they’re unable to inhale because their lungs have stopped functioning. Smoking damages the lungs in several ways that can lead to COPD, according to the CDC:
- – The airways and alveoli (tiny air sacs in the lungs) lose their ability to stretch and shrink.
- – The walls between the alveoli are damaged and destroyed.
- – The walls of the airways become swollen and inflamed.
- – The airways produce too much mucus, which blocks air flow.
The causes of the damage from smoke are particulates and gasses within it. The lungs try to fight the invading combustion products by producing mucus, but in heavy smokers they’re overwhelmed by the quantity of smoke, and eventually the mucus itself causes congestion and damage. COPD is progressive. In fact, it may continue to develop even after the patient quits smoking. And though there is treatment for the symptoms, there is no cure for COPD — except a lung transplant. There is no indication that vaping causes COPD or any of its associated disease group (emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or non-reversible asthma).
On top of smoking’s long list of adverse effects on the health of internal organ function, it also significantly affects appearance. Most daily smokers appear to be aging faster because smoking deprives the whole body of oxygen and nutrients. In the skin, this causes skin spots, uneven skin tone, sagging skin, deepened wrinkles, loss of elasticity around the mouth and hair loss. Smoking also weakens and discolors the nails, hair, and teeth. Vaping has no known effects on appearance.
Vaping cannabis has another significant health benefit versus smoking it. All the active ingredients in cannabis fall under two phytochemical categories: Terpenes and Cannabinoids. Many of these compounds have extremely strong effects that are beneficial to health. However, when cannabis is smoked, there are many of these compounds that are not available to the user because they are mostly lost when exposed to such high heat from a flame. Thus, when cannabis is vaporized, the user has the full spectrum of terpenes and cannabinoids available from the plant, including these compounds with strong medical properties.
It is important to know that many vaporizers are capable of heating cannabis too hot and actually combusting it. This defeats the purpose of using a vaporizer because the vaporizer just becomes a smoking device. To prevent this, it’s important to keep maximum temperatures on a vaporizer set below 451° F for dry herbs.
When you ignite cannabis with fire, you destroy many of the terpenes and cannabinoids that give cannabis its unique flavor, smell and effects. Terpenes are the plant kingdom’s biochemical building blocks of smell. Smell is half of taste. When you vaporize cannabis and inhale all the terpenes that you were destroying from igniting it, the taste difference is enormous. Every strain of cannabis has a different cocktail of the 100+ terpenes that are found in cannabis. These different terpenes give cannabis its variety of delightful aromas like pine, citrus, floral, earthy, skunky, cheesy, woody, etc. Vaping cannabis allows the user to experience these aromas and tastes in a handful of first hits. After these terpenes are vaporized into the user’s lungs, there are still many terpenes and cannabinoids left in the plant that take on a different taste. Some people compare the second wave of taste to a buttery, toasted popcorn taste. Some people think it tastes more like peanut butter. The remainder of the hits will taste like this until all the terpenes and cannabinoids in the plant material have been vaporized into the user’s lungs. At this point, there will be no more vapor produced from that material.
Since smoke is easily smelled and seen, many users prefer vaping because it is extremely discreet. Exhaled vapor dissipates within a few seconds after which it cannot be easily detected by smell or sight. Many vaporizers, vape pens, and e-cigarettes look like everyday household items or electronic devices, so users can be even more discreet by going unnoticed when they are vaping. Vape pens and e-cigarettes are particularly difficult to distinguish from other items. These devices do not carry strong scents the way that smoking-related paraphernalia do, so users can vape in a wide variety of ways and places without being observed.
In addition to aroma and taste, Terpenes and Cannabinoids all have strong psychological and physiological effects. Some of these effects include making users feel alert, energized, focused, aware, thoughtful, creative or social (to name a few). However, when so many terpenes and cannabinoids are destroyed by burning them at the extremely high heat of flames, the user does not always get these effects. The user only feels the effects of the terpenes and cannabinoids with higher boiling points which have more resistance to the high heat. Because of this, many users report being more alert, aware and clear-headed when they vaporize cannabis versus when they smoke it. It’s not because less terpenes and cannabinoids are being delivered. Rather, it’s because MORE are being delivered and they all affect the user’s experience. When cannabis is smoked, this symphony of effects is often not felt, but instead the user feels an overwhelming and incapacitating high since these other compounds that give more clarity are not taken into the body when they’re burned. Additionally, vaping allows users much more precision in controlling their dosing. This allows users to prevent getting too over-affected and maintaining more clarity from their experience.
Use Less Get More
When you ignite cannabis with fire, you immediately lose over 60% of the terpene and
cannabinoid content in the plant. Furthermore, because the cannabis remains combusting before and after every hit, there is a considerable amount of generated smoke that is not inhaled, which is also wasteful. When the same quantity of cannabis is vaporized, the user gets substantially more of the usable content. The best vaporizers make over 90% of the plant’s terpenes and cannabinoids available to the user. Others vary in their efficiency, but one certainty is that vaporizing gives the user significantly more terpenes and cannabinoids than smoking – usually more than double. Because less cannabis is needed to achieve the desired effects, users who vaporize unanimously report consuming much less cannabis by weight than they did when they were smoking. Different vaporizers have different levels of efficiency. However, the Firefly 2 is considered the most efficient vaporizer on the market and most daily users report cutting the quantity of their cannabis consumption by as much as 75% when they switch from smoking.
Many users go to great lengths to consume the finest quality cannabis they can find. The qualities they seek in the finest cannabis include smell, taste, and effects. These factors are derived from the unique recipe of Terpenes and Cannabinoids found in each strain. Terpenes and Cannabinoids are the two categories of phytochemicals (plant-based) that make up all the active ingredients in cannabis. Since vaporizing offers the user substantially more Terpenes and Cannabinoids than smoking, users who care about the quality of their cannabis often find that they prefer vaporizing. Different vaporizers offer varying degrees of Terpenes and Cannabinoid production, but one thing is for sure; compared to smoking, vaping offers an experience that is more true to the plant.
Since most cannabis users buy their cannabis instead of growing it, price matters. Daily users who switch from smoking to vaping usually report cutting their cannabis costs by at least 50%. The most efficient vaporizer (Firefly 2) can even allow users to cut their costs by 75% or more. Using less cannabis to get more powerful effects allows vaporizers to pay for themselves very quickly in savings, particularly for frequent users. It can be fun to calculate how quickly your vaporizer paid for itself in savings. Take the average amount you spent on cannabis per month before switching. Subtract the new average amount you now spend after switching to vaping. Once you have that figure representing the difference, divide the price of your vaporizer by that figure. The answer will tell you how many months it will take your vaporizer to pay for itself. The level of cost efficiency between different vaporizers directly parallels the differences in Terpene and Cannabinoid production between them.
What Are The Different Types Of Vaporizers?
Tabletop and Portable
Tabletop (also called Desktop) vaporizers must be plugged into a 12 volt wall socket and they are generally much too large to transport easily. The first vaporizers were tabletop vaporizers.
Portable vaporizers are much smaller and their size usually allows them to be transported fairly easily in pockets or bags. They are usually powered by rechargeable batteries and most have to be plugged into a 12 volt wall socket to recharge.
The highest rated, top of the line vaporizers all use Convection Heat. These vaporizers work like a convection oven – they heat the herb or liquid by surrounding it with hot air, not touching it to any hot surface. When the herb is surrounded by hot air and hot air is passed through it, the Terpenes and Cannabinoids boil off into the hot air creating vapor and leaving all the rest of the plant material.
Convection vaporizers typically have air intake vents. The air comes into these vents, gets heated by a heating mechanism, then gets passed through the herb or concentrate in the device’s bowl. The Terpenes and Cannabinoids boil off into vapor form and are carried with the hot air through the vapor path of the device and into the user’s mouth and lungs.
There are very few pure convection vaporizers on the market. The Volcano by Storz & Bickel, the VapeXhale, and the Herbalizer are all desktop plug-in vaporizers. The Grasshopper and Firefly 2 are the only portable pure convection vaporizers made.
The Firefly 2 takes convection to an entirely new level with Dynamic Convection. On this device, the air in each draw gradually increases from room temperature to the user-set peak temperature. Whereas the other convection vaporizers send air at one single temperature, the dynamic convection of the Firefly 2 allows each different Terpene and Cannabinoid to boil into vapor at its unique boiling point.
Whereas convection vaporizers surround the herb or concentrate with hot air in order to heat it, conduction vaporizers heat the herb by touching it to a hot surface. Heat is then transferred (or conducted) from the hot surface to the herb. Conduction is a less efficient and less precise method of heating than convection. In order to heat the bulk of the herb, the hot surface must get so hot that the layer of herb touching the hot surface often combusts. This can slip small amounts of smoke into the vapor and the inconsistent heat patterns create very uneven vapor paths.
The best conduction vaporizers utilize a combination of convection and conduction heat. They don’t extract Terpenes and Cannabinoids at the same ultra-high efficiency rates as the pure convection vaporizers. But they do a significantly better job than pure conduction vaporizers. Conduction vaporizers tend to be less expensive than convection vaporizers because they are mechanically simpler and can be made with fewer and cheaper parts. The more expensive conduction vaporizers are often over-priced for their quality of performance.
The highest rated combination convection/conduction desktop vaporizers are the Plenty from Storz & Bickel, the E-Z-Vape and the DaBuddha. The top portable combination vaporizers are Mighty and the Crafty from Storz & Bickel, the G-Pen Elite by Grenco Science, the Solo and the Air from Arizer. The top pure conduction vaporizers are Davinci IQ, Pax 3 and Magic Flight Launch Box. They are all portable vaporizers.
Most conduction vaporizers are portable and utilize electric heat from rechargeable batteries. There are a few desktop conduction vaporizers which require a 12 volt electric outlet for power. They use electric heat to heat up the hot surface that touches the herb or concentrate. The herb is then heated to vapor temperature which releases Terpenes and Cannabinoids into the inhalable vapor path.
Oil Pen Vaporizers
Some vaporizers are dual use, meaning they can vaporize dry herbs or concentrates, oils, extracts, etc. Other vaporizers are exclusively for oils, concentrates and extracts. They are generally called oil pens or vapor pens, even if some of them vaporize substances other than oil (like rosin, wax, etc.). Vapor pens are generally the easiest to use, most portable and discreet vaporizers available. They can be preloaded or refillable. The preloaded pens require very little effort – at most pressing a button and inhaling.
There are multiple types of preloaded pens. Many products come in cartridges that are designed with what’s called a 510-threaded standard vaporizer format. They can fit on any battery powered device that utilizes the 510 threading format which is very common. The main pen atomizer system gets recharged while the cartridges are removed and replaced. However, some companies sell preloaded cartridges that only fit their unique battery powered pen systems.
Some preloaded vape pens are sold as disposables. These pens come with pre-charged batteries that allow the user to use the device until the tank of oil or other concentrates goes empty. They do not require any charging and don’t have removable or replaceable parts. They are designed to be disposed of after their use.
There are many different types of oils, concentrates, and extracts used in vapor pens. These substances vary in potency, effects, flavors, and processing techniques used to create them. E-Cigarettes are just vapor pens filled with oils that contain some combination of nicotine and flavoring agents as well as a thinner like propylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, coconut oil or vegetable glycerin. Before trying a vapor pen, users should research what type of substance they are interested in vaping.
What Do You Vaporize?
Cannabinoids are plant-based chemicals found in a wide variety of plants, including cannabis flowers, that are very effective in treating human ailments ranging from pain, nausea, anxiety, inflammation and many other symptoms, conditions and diseases. They are effective because they stimulate the body’s endocannabinoid system which regulates the body’s many different internal systems like the immune system, nervous system, endocrine system, and digestive system. Cannabis contains more than 85 different cannabinoids that all have a different suite of effects on the body and researchers are still discovering even more. Below you can see a wheel graph depicting the major cannabinoids and their different effects.
Terpenes are fragrant oils secreted by herbs, fruits and plants that give them their distinct aroma profiles. Cannabis flowers produce the widest range of terpenes of any plant, numbering more than 100. They are secreted in the same resin glands on the flower that produce cannabinoids. Like cannabinoids, terpenes bind to receptors in the brain and have a large variety of effects on the body’s systems. Below you can see a wheel graph depicting 6 of the most common terpenes in cannabis and their aroma, effects, medical benefits and boiling points.
Boiling points are important to understand in vaping context. The only method of inhaling cannabis is to heat the active ingredients (Terpenes and Cannabinoids) so that they transform from liquid or solid state into gas state which can be inhaled into the lungs and body. A compound’s boiling point is the temperature at which it transforms from liquid or solid to gas. This is important because each different terpene and cannabinoid has its own unique boiling point which vary widely from as low as 198° F all the way to 447° F.
When compounds with low boiling points are exposed to high heat (flames are 1,800° F), they are severely damaged and much of the compounds get lost. This means that igniting cannabis with flame loses more than 60% of the terpene and cannabinoid content in the plant.
Since each terpene and cannabinoid boils into gas at a different temperature, the optimal method for vaporizing cannabis is to heat it at a gradually increasing temperature scale. However, only one vaporizer on the market is capable of this process – the Firefly 2. All other vaporizers (even the most expensive ones) heat the cannabis or extracts by exposing it to heat at one high temperature. While that temperature is less than a flame and therefore still healthier than smoking, the single high temperature still causes many of the terpenes and cannabinoids with lower boiling points to be severely damaged by overheating. The Firefly 2 is the only vaporizer capable of heating each terpene and cannabinoid at its own unique boiling point temperature.
Vaping Glossary of Terms
510 – 510 refers to the industry standard metal threading size for the vast majority of replaceable cartridge vaporizers, atomizers, and batteries.
Absolute – refers to a cannabis concentrate or extraction that has been completely purified by removing all the waxes and fats.
Airflow – refers to the amount of air flowing through a vaporizer or atomizer with each puff. Usually more airflow creates a larger amount of vapor.
Amps (amperage) – is a unit of measurement of electrical current flowing along a circuit. Most portable vaporizer batteries are measured in milli aMh which is 1/1000th of an amp. Batteries with higher amperage are better suited to power atomizers with lower resistances without overheating.
Atomizer – The main component of a portable vaporizer that houses the heating element (usually a coil and wick). The heating element is heated to turn liquids or concentrates into vapor.
Automatic Shutoff – refers to a safety feature which exists in many e-cigarettes and vaporizers – portable and desktop – to prevent the battery and unit from overheating.
Battery – powers the heating element of a vaporizer. With some vapor pens and other portable vaporizers, the battery can be removable. Others may be permanently attached within large desktop vaporizers or some rechargeable portable vaporizers. Most portable batteries use lithium polymer or lithium ion technology.
BHO – Butane Hash Oil. BHO is a cannabis extraction method which uses butane as a solvent to remove the terpenes and cannabinoids from a plant. The resulting mixture is then processed in various ways to result in an oil that contains those active ingredients from the plant.
Boiling Point – is a term for the specific temperature at which a specific substance boils from liquid into gas state. The 180+ terpenes and cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant all have unique individual boiling points.
Borosilicate Glass – refers to a type of heat-resistant glass made from boron and silica.
Cannabinoid – is a term encompassing over 100 phyto-chemicals produced in the resin glands of the cannabis plant. Many plants produce cannabinoids, not just the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids interact with the human body’s endocannabinoid system which regulates many of the body’s other systems like the nervous system, immune system, digestive system, and circulatory system.
Carcinogen – refers to any substance known to cause cancer in living tissue.
Cartridge – An atomizer attached to a tank made of glass or plastic which is pre-filled with cannabis oil or e-liquid. Most cartridges are disposable and there are innumerable companies manufacturing cartridges.
CBD – an acronym for the cannabinoid called Cannabidiol, which has a large and varied amount of medicinal properties including anti-seizure, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and analgesic.
Ceramic Coil – a type of coil that uses ceramic instead of metals, which makes the coil last longer and create more flavorful vapor.
Clouds – refer to the visible cloud-like vapor production from a vaporizer
Cloudchaser – refers to a vaper who needs to create large vapor clouds in order to feel like they are effectively vaping.
Coil – refers to the heating element within an atomizer that heats up the oil or liquid, causing it to vaporize. Some atomizers can have multiple coils and not all atomizers use coils, but it is the most commonly used heating element.
Combustion – is a method of heating that burns what it is heating, causing smoke and not vapor. Anytime you smoke something by lighting it on fire, you are using combustion and inhaling smoke.
Concentrates – are very potent substances derived from cannabis. There are many types of concentrates including but not limited to oil, wax, crumble, shatter, rosin, resin, et al.
Conduction – is a heating method that conducts heat between two surfaces. It requires a heating element to be touching the surface of the substance that is intended to be heated, usually cannabis flower, concentrates, or e-liquid. Conduction is considered an inefficient heating method compared to convection.
Convection – is a heating method that does not make direct contact with the substance intended to be heated. Instead, the heating element heats air and sends the hot air through the vaporizable substance. Convection is considered significantly more efficient than conduction for vaporizing.
Dab (dabbing) – “Dab” is used as both a noun and a verb. As a noun, it refers to a dose of concentrated cannabis extract like wax or shatter. As a verb, it refers to the act of heating a heating element, often called a nail, then applying the dose of concentrate to the heated nail and inhaling the vapor that is instantly created. Dabbing is considered one of the most efficient methods to ingest a high dose of cannabis.
Desktop Vape – is a non-portable vaporizer designed for home use, which usually requires being plugged into a 12-volt wall outlet for power.
Dry Burn – refers to the heating of an atomizer without any liquid or oil present in order to clean the coil.
Dry Hit – refers to taking a pull from a vape pen or e-cigarette that is out of oil or liquid.
Dual Coil – refers to an atomizer that has two separate coils instead of one. Dual coil atomizers usually take more battery power and reduce battery life, but they produce more vapor.
Dynamic Convection – refers to the heating method in which convection-heated air is passed through a vaporizable material at steadily increasing temperatures in order to allow all the compounds to boil into vapor at their individual boiling points.
E-Juice – also called e-liquid, refers to the solution in e-cigarettes and nicotine vaporizers. Different solutions contain different concentrations of nicotine and flavorings as well as excipients like Propylene Glycol, Polyethylene Glycol, or Vegetable Glycerin.
E-Cigarette – refers to the vaporizer apparatus combining atomizer and battery in order to vaporize e-liquid and deliver nicotine to the user.
Flower – refers to buds of the cannabis plant which are consumed by heating ground flower by combustion or vaporization. The cannabis flowers contain significant amounts of terpenes and cannabinoids which are the active ingredients in cannabis.
Formaldehyde – is a carcinogenic compound that can be created by certain types of vaporizer components when the atomizer components are subjected to extreme heat.
Fractional Distillation – also called short-path or molecular distillation, is an extraction method used to separate the various active compounds in the cannabis plant from each other. Distillate concentrates are visibly clearer than other concentrates and have very high potency, often over 90%.
Hash Oil – is a thick, viscous concentrate made by dissolving hash or cannabis flower in a solvent, creating a potent concentrated liquid.
Heat Up Time – refers to the amount of time it takes for a vaporizer to warm up and be ready for use.
Heating Element – refers to the part of the atomizer that heats up and vaporizes the vaporizable substance. Heating elements can be fabricated with a variety of methods and materials.
ICR – Lithium Ion Cobalt Rechargeable Battery
IMR – Lithium Ion Manganese Rechargeable Battery
Inhale – refers to the act of breathing vapor into your mouth and lungs.
Leaking – refers to when liquid or oils leak out of the atomizer or tank. Leaking can be dangerous if it leaks into the battery.
LED – is an acronym for “Light Emitting Diode”. Many vaporizers and e-cigarettes use LED lights to indicate that the device is operating.
Lithium ion – refers to a type of high-quality rechargeable battery. They can be made in various shapes, sizes and capacities.
Li-Po – Lithium Polymer Rechargeable Battery
mA – a unit of measurement equaling 1/1000th of an amp
mAh – is an acronym for “Milliamperage Hour” which is unit of measurement used for a battery’s capacity to store electricity. When the mAh is higher, the battery can store more energy before requiring a recharge.
MCT – is an acronym for “Medium Chain Triglyceride” and is a substance frequently used as an excipient in cannabis extracts to give them a smoother viscosity.
Microprocessor – is a tiny computer chip which communicates with the battery and atomizer, allowing for a higher level of customization.
mg – is the abbreviation for milligram, the unit of measurement of mass most commonly used to indicate the potency of both cannabis and nicotine vaporizable substances
Mouthpiece – refers to the part of a vaporizer from which the user inhales vapor by putting his or her mouth on the opening and inhaling.
Nail – also called plates or hot plates, the nail is used for conduction heating during dabbing of cannabis extracts
Nichrome – refers to the combination of Nickel and Chromium that are commonly used in wires to make coils in atomizers.
NiMH – is an acronym for Nickel-Metal Hydride, which is a type of battery containing no cadmium and no memory effect, making battery charging easier.
Ohm – is the unit of measurement used to measure electrical resistance. Lower resistance allows for faster heating.
On-Demand Vape – refers to a vaporizer that has a very short heat up time
Organic Cotton – refers to a specific type of wick used in some atomizers and tanks. Organic cotton wicks burn quicker than silica wicks but give cleaner, more flavorful hits.
Pass-through – refers to when a device is capable of being used while it’s charging or connected to an external power source.
Polyethylene Glycol (PEG) – a polyether compound used in many pharmaceutical products. It can be added to e-liquid or cannabis oils as an excipient to adjust viscosity.
Propylene Glycol (PG) – used similarly to Polyethylene Glycol as an excipient, PG is often found in food processing.
Primer – also called “Primer Liquid”, a vegetable glycerin based solution often used on coils and wicks of atomizers to prevent over-drying during shipping or storage.
Priming – refers to the act of taking a few puffs on a vaporizer to get it ready for a full puff.
Puff – refers to the act of taking a draw from a vaporizer using the mouth to create suction.
Pull – see Puff.
Quartz – is a compound found in crystal or glass and is often used to construct dab rig nails or rods in atomizers which can take the place of coils.
Resistance – refers to the rate that electrical current runs through the heating element. High resistance uses more electricity and heats slower.
Resistance Wire – refers to a special type of metal wire used to make coils upon which liquids and oils can be heated to be turned into vapor. The amount of resistance in the wires can impact the amount of vapor and its flavor.
Rosin – is a type of cannabis concentrate that is manufactured by heating the raw cannabis flowers with pressure to create a thick, viscous sap. Rosin is solvent-free and offers a high fidelity to the exact compounds and their concentrations in the plant itself.
Session Vape – refers to a vaporizer that can be used for many back-to-back hits, allowing for a “session”
Shatter – is a type of cannabis concentrate known for its brittle texture that shatters after lightly drying.
Silica – is the most commonly used substance for atomizer wicks because it has a high melting point temperature
Solvent – refers to a group of compounds used to dissolve other substances. The terpenes and cannabinoids from a cannabis plant are often dissolved into a variety of solvents before being processed into a consumable extract or concentrate form.
Solvent-free – refers to the state of an extract or concentrate in which there are no solvents. Some concentrates can be made using solvents, but then all the solvents are removed, rendering the substance solvent-free. Other methods (like pressing Rosin) never use solvents at all and are therefore solvent-free.
Standard Resistance – refers to the most commonly considered safe range of Ohm levels for vaporizer devices, usually between 1.8-3.0 ohms.
Steel Mesh – refers to a formation of steel mesh used to build atomizer wicks.
Sub-ohm – refers to a vaporizer set to a coil resistance below 1 ohm.
Sweet Spot – is a slang vaping term referring to the best settings and techniques that a user may find with his or her individual vaporizer device after a period of trial and error.
Tank – the component of an atomizer, often made of glass or plastic, that contains the oil or liquid to be vaporized.
Terpene – is the 2nd of 2 categories of active phyto-chemicals found in the cannabis plant. Terpenes are delicate compounds that comprise the plant kingdom’s building blocks of aroma. Terpenes interact with the body’s systems, much like cannabinoids, and are the active ingredients in aromatherapy as well as essential oils. There are over 80 Terpenes found in the cannabis plant, all with different boiling points.
Vape Pen – is a term generally used for a specific type of vaporizer with an atomizer and battery in the thin shape of a pen.
Vaporizer – is a term encompassing any device that heats a substance from liquid or solid state and turns it into a vaporized gas state. There are many different types of vaporizer devices.
Vapor Path – refers to the path that vapor travels within the vaporizer device after it is created and before it enters the user’s mouth and lungs
Vegetable Glycerin – is another excipient used to adjust the viscosity of liquids and oils so that they can be vaporized smoothly by a given device.
Voltage – is a unit of measurement of the electrical potential of a power source.
Variable Voltage – refers to any type of vaporizer device which allows the user to customize the vapor experience by adjusting the voltage output of the battery.
Variable Wattage – refers to any type of vaporizer device which allows the user to customize the vapor experience by adjusting the wattage output of the device.
Watt (wattage) – is a unit of measurement of the power used by the atomizer. Higher wattage produces more vapor, but usually decreases the flavor of the vapor.
Wax – is a type of cannabis concentrate known for its thick, sticky texture and is usually extracted using liquid butane.
Whip – refers to a type of desktop vaporizer that uses a long tube connecting the device and the mouthpiece.
Wick – refers to the material wrapped around the heating coil which absorbs oils or liquids, allowing the coils to vaporize the substances.
Winterization – is a step used in the cannabis extraction process that usually includes freezing the extract to separate the active ingredients from other compounds within the plant.